The implementation of Bill 130 on July 1, 2011 signalled, among other things, the restructuring of Québec’s three existing research funding agencies. This action aims primarily to ensure strong management regarding the support and promotion of Québec research, thus improving Québec’s position on the world map of science; foster and increase synergies and partnerships between the various research sectors; and provide a common banner to increase local and international visibility of public research. Henceforth grouped together under the name “Fonds de recherche du Québec”, the three research funds (Nature and technologies, Health, Society and culture) will nevertheless conserve their mandate to promote and financially support research, knowledge dissemination and researcher training in Québec. Bill 130 brings three principal changes to the structure of the funds: the integration of their administrative services, the creation of the post of Scientific Director within each fund, and the creation of the post of Chief Scientist. This highly strategic position has been awarded to Rémi Quirion, whose biography bears witness to a rich research career.